At Tulcea, the Danube river end its long journey through Europe and flows in to the Black Sea, creating one of the most fascinating deltas in the world, the Danube Delta.
Danube Delta is one of the greatest wetland on the Earth, consisting of an intricate network of waterways, small islands and lakes. The area of floating reeds islands, forests and sand dunes covers more than 3000 square miles and it is the home of a vast array of wildlife.
The approximate surface of the Danube Delta is 4152 km², of which 3446 km² are in Romania.
Danube Delta is a place of superlatifs:
– the only delta in the world declared a biosphere reserve, part of UNESCO, a true museum of biodiversity with 30 types of ecosystems and approximately 5,380 inventoried species;
– the third wet zone of the Earth (after Amazon and Nile Deltas) and the biggest of Europe;
– the world’s most extensive surface covered by reed;
– the world’s richest ornithological fauna;
– the largest number of birds of any South European wetland;
– the largest population of wild horses in Europe.
Danube Delta hosts approximately 327 species of birds, most of which have been declared monuments of nature (pelicans, egrets, canaries, storks), over 60% of the world’s population of pygmy cormorants, 50% of red-breasted geese and the largest number of white pelicans and Dalmatian pelicans in Europe are living within the Danube Delta.
The Danube Delta is well known not only for nature ecological but also for its cultural diversity. Being situated on both river and sea it has always been a place of settlement, passage and refuge for diverse peoples. With as few as 15 000 inhabitants (or one inhabitant per 30 hectares), living in 28 villages and one town (Sulina), the Danube Delta is sparsely populated.
In Sulina, the easternmost town of Romania and the European Union, there used to live 20 000 people speaking 20 to 25 languages. To our days, 5 to 6 languages are spoken by the 5 000 remaining inhabitants. Sulina is one of the most wonderful unknown summer destinations, with a huge unexploited tourism potential.
Since 2013, CERTA focused its activities in Sulina, within the Danube Delta, trying to offer non-formal education opportunities to youth and adults from the coastal area, promoting sustainable development and social inclusion through international cooperation and exchange of ideas and good practice.